GICLEE ON CANVAS
(Rendering a digital graphic on canvas)
Giclée (from the French verb gicler meaning “to squirt, to spray”) is the use of the ink-jet process for making Fine-Art giclee prints (first done in the early 1990s). Originally the term applied to “Iris” prints created on the Scitex Corp. “Iris Model Four” colour drum piezo-head inkjet proofer.
Proofers are specialized commercial printing machines designed to proof or show what the final multi-color process printing will look like before mass production begins.
The term “giclée” (or the anglicized “giclee print”) is frequently used to describe any high-resolution, large-format ink-jet printer output with fade-resistant dye or pigment based inks. It is common for these giclee printers to use between seven and twelve colour inks.
Though originally intended for proofing, many artists and photographers use giclee prints as an alternative to lithography for limited editions or reproductions. The cost of producing limited edition runs of giclee prints is much reduced compared to the alternative.
ITNH/lxia, Mutoh ColorSpan, Roland, Epson, Canon, Kodak, HP, and Mimaki are well-known wide-format giclee printer manufacturers.
Giclée (pronounced “zhee-clay”, is an invented name for the process of making fine art prints from a digital source using ink-jet printing. The word “giclée” is derived from the French language word “le gicleur” meaning “nozzle”, or more specifically “gicler” meaning “to squirt, spurt, or spray”[ It was coined by Jack Duganne, a printmaker working in the field, to represent any inkjet-based digital print used as fine art. The intent of that name was to distinguish commonly known industrial “Iris proofs” from the type of fine art prints artists were producing on those same types of printers. The name was originally applied to fine art prints created on Iris printers in a process invented in the early 1990s but has since come to mean any high quality ink-jet print and is often used in galleries and print shops to denote such prints.
GICLEE ON PAPER
HAND EMBELISHMENT REMARQUE
PAPER PRINT LITHOGRAPH